The Lake Manahatta Reservoir was built between 1858 and 1862 as a temporary water supply for the city, receiving water from the Croton Aqueduct via the northern gatehouse and distributed to Manhattan via the southern gatehouse. The Croton Aqueduct was New York’s first out-of city water supply. It was a large and complex water distribution system constructed for New York City between 1837 and 1842. It brought water by the force of gravity alone 41 miles (with the drop 13 inches per mile) from the Croton River in Westchester County.
Learn all about NYC’s fascinating past by exploring the natural forces that shaped the environment and landscape, along with the people who would transform the “Island of Many Hills” into the greatest and most influential city in the world.
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