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History101.NYC is an ad-free learning resource available to the public at no charge. The project is dedicated to exploring New York’s fascinating past. We restore vintage photographs and prints that document the City's history and heritage. We also research the natural forces that shaped the environment, along with the people who formed the landscape and culture.

History of NYC - 1900 to 1905

At the turn of the Twentieth Century, NYC was growing by leaps and bounds. The city would see many landmarks constructed during this era, including the Williamsburg Bridge, the Flatiron Building, Macy’s at Herald Square and Luna Park, which we know today as Coney Island. The NYC Subway system was also completed, and would contribute greatly to the growth of local businesses and the facility of commuting for the city’s now bustling population of 3.4 million inhabitants.

1901: Under the Elevated Railroad at the Bowery

Photograph of a busy scene on the Bowery as pedestrians make their way across the street and under the elevated overpass.

Artist Credit: Unknown. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1900: Importance of Women in Lenape Culture

Colorized photograph of a mother and daughter of the Lenape tribe - the last of New York City's indigenous inhabitants at the turn of the century.

Artist Credit: A.R. Waud. Reprinted with permission.

1900: Italian Watchmaker's Shop in Manhattan

Photograph of an Italian watchmaker's shop. An older woman reads the newspaper as a pedestrian observes.

Artist Credit: George Grantham Bain. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1900: Buying Easter Flowers in Union Square, New York

A woman buys flowers from a vendor in Union Square, surrounded by local children.

Artist Credit: George Grantham Bain. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1900: Blind Man Asking for Spare Change

A blind man asking for spare change.

Artist Credit: Unknown. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1900: Peter Cooper Monument

Following Cooper's death in 1883, Augustus Saint-Gaudens was commissioned to design a monument in honor of the great visionary.

Artist Credit: Unknown. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1904: 14th Street Store at 6th Avenue

Henry Seigel's 14th Street Store, opened in 1904 on Sixth Avenue between 13th and 14th Streets.

Artist Credit: Unknown. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1900: Bowling Green and Lower Broadway

A colorized photochrom print depicting an aerial view of Bowling Green and its surrounding buildings.

Artist Credit: Thomas Horner. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1900: Grand Central Station

Photograph of the Grand Central Railroad Train Depot Terminal on 42nd Street in midtown Manhattan.

Artist Credit: Detroit Publishing Company. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1900: The Columbus Monument

Manhattan's Columbus Monument was created by Italian sculptor Gaetano Russo as the city's 1892 commemoration of Columbus' landing 400 years prior.

Artist Credit: Unknown. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1900: The Croton Reservoir

Photograph of the old Croton Reservoir prior to it's demolition at what is now the Great Lawn in Central Park.

Artist Credit: Unknown. Reprinted with permission. New York Public Library

1900: Columbia College - 116th Street and Broadway

Aerial photograph showing Columbia University Campus looking north from Broadway and 116th Street.

Artist Credit: Unknown. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1900: Fifth Avenue, North of 51st Street

A view of Fifth Avenue, from the perspective of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Photograph includes the Vanderbilt family mansions.

Artist Credit: Unknown. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1900: Grand Army Plaza

A view at the corner of 60th Street and Fifth Avenue, on the Southwest corner of Central Park

Artist Credit: Unknown. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

1903: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Photograph of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, founded in 1870. In the foreground a busy street filled with pedestrians, horses and carriages.

Artist Credit: Unknown. Reprinted with permission. Library of Congress

Next Chapter: History of NYC - 1905 to 1910

The City's magnetic personality continues to attract a growing and culturally diverse population. Travelers, migrants and fugitives would be drawn to its shores from across the ... Continue Reading

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