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History101.NYC is an ad-free learning resource available to the public at no charge.
This project is dedicated to exploring New York’s fascinating heritage through the restoration of vintage photographs and prints.

10,000+ Years Ago

Learn all about NYC’s fascinating past by exploring the natural forces that shaped the environment and landscape, along with the people who would transform the “Island of Many Hills” into the greatest and most influential city in the world.


In order to understand what makes Manhattan so unique, we must explore its prehistoric roots.


-250000000: Pangea

A detailed map of Pangea which illustrates modern borders and countries to highlight the unique geography that helped shape the City of New York.


-2000000: The Ice Age

2 million years ago marked the beginning of an ice age which covered much of North America in glaciers which would carve and shape the landscape over millennia.


-19000: Peak of the Ice Age in New York City

At the apex of the Ice Age, the Laurentide Ice Sheet would reach a maximum thickness of 2,000 feet - blanketing even our tallest buildings.


-12000: The Great Melt

As global temperatures began to rise, the ice retreated and in its wake were marshlands, streams and forests teeming with wildlife and fish.

-700: Rise of the Algonquians

One of the first tribes to settle in the Hudson Valley were the Algonquians - a group of nomadic tribes inhabiting much of North America

-15000: The Impact of Agriculture

The Algonquians would eventually discover how to plant crops, which transformed their nomadic culture into more established tribes and communities.

-10000: The Algonquian Diet

To compliment their primary diet of corn, squash and beans, Algonquians were avid hunters with a preference for deer, moose, and small game.

-10000: Lenni Lenape: The Original Native New Yorkers

The Algonquians who would settle in the Northeastern Woodlands would eventually come to be known as the Lenni Lenape.

-5000: Lenape Lifestyle, Trade and Commerce

The Lenape were extremely gifted hunters/trappers, farmers and weavers and would overcome countless obstacles to enjoy an age of prosperity.



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History of NYC - 10,000+ Years Ago

Learn all about NYC’s distant past as "Mannahatta" or the "Island of Many Hills".
Research the natural forces that shaped the environment, along with the people who formed the landscape and culture.



History101.NYC is an ad-free learning resource available to the public at no charge.
This project is dedicated to exploring New York’s fascinating heritage through the restoration of vintage photographs and prints.

@History101NYC

315 Madison Avenue • NYC 10017 • (212)619-5446 • art@fineprintnyc.com

@FinePrintNYC
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