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History of NYC - 1600s

In the 1620’s, the Dutch settled what would be known as New Amsterdam – a modern european village in a pristine New World. For four decades it endured, until the first Anglo-Dutch war which led to the Netherlands surrendering the colony to Great Britain, eventually leading to the creation of New York in its place.

1626: Purchase of the Island of Mannahatta

A letter written by merchant Peter Schaghen to directors of the Dutch East India Company stated that Manhattan was purchased for 60 guilders worth of trade.

1630: Coat of Arms of New Netherland

Much of the symbolism of New York's Official seal is derived from its Dutch roots in the form of New Amsterdam's Official Coat of Arms.

1650: Fort Amsterdam

Fort Amsterdam circa 1650. Taken from "De Nieuwe en Onbekende Weireld," by Arnoldus Monatanus, Amsterdam

1660: Residence of Jacob Leisler

Illustration of the home of German-born colonist and entrepreneur Jacob Leisler located on "the Strand", or what we know today as Whitehall Street.

1660: Map of New Amsterdam, Manhattan Island

An illustrated map displaying early settlements and boundaries of New Amsterdam - a fledgling town occupied by an increasing amount of Dutch settlers.

1664: Earliest View of New Amsterdam

Earliest known image of New Amsterdam from a copperplate made by Augustyn Heermanns.

1624: The Commercial Beginning of New York

Illustration of merchants trading and felling trees along the New York Harbor.

1643: Massacre of Hoboken Natives

Illustration showing Dutch Colonists attacking indigenous camps on February 25, 1643, killing 120 people, including women and children.

1644: A Treaty With Native Americans

Illustration of Dutch settlers striking up a peace treaty with indigenous communities in order to reduce violence and open up trade.

1644: Posting The Notice of Wall Street

Illustration of a man posting a notice regarding the building of Wall Street on March 31, 1644, rallying local colonists to join together to build a wall to fend off attacks by natives.

1653: Wall Street Palisade

A wall constructed along the city's northernmost boundary, erected back in 1653 between the Hudson and East River to protect the town from marauding tribes.

1647: Arrival of Peter Stuyvesant in New Amsterdam

Illustration of Peter Stuyvesant reaching New Amsterdam after the failure of his predecessor Willem Kieft to build a lasting peace with native communities.

1659: Broad Street Canal

Illustration depicting views of the "Graft", or canal in Broad Street, and the Fish Bridge which once spanned it.

1664: Peter Stuyvesant vs the British

Print shows Peter Stuyvesant with local settlers pleading with him not to open fire on the British who have arrived in warships to claim New Amsterdam for England.

1664: Peter Stuyvesant Surrenders New Amsterdam

Printed illustration shows Dutch soldiers, lead by Director General Peter Stuyvesant, leaving New Amsterdam after ceding it to the English.

1664: Dutch Surrender of New Amsterdam

On August 27, 1664, four English frigates sailed into New Amsterdam's harbor and demanded its surrender, eventually convincing Peter Stuyvesant to cede the territory.

1676: New York City Hall and The Great Dock

Illustration of the old Great Dock near City Hall, one of the primary ports welcoming travelers and merchants to the New York Harbor.

1679: Dutch Cottage in Old New York

Illustration of a quaint Dutch cottage in a residential section of Manhattan.

1689: The Trainbands Signing Jacob Leisler's Declaration

Print shows English militia members signing an accord which officially established New York under the dominion of the English crown.

1667: New Amsterdam Harbor

Illustration of New Amsterdam, a small city on Manhattan Island, New-Holland, North America. The image depicts the harbor and multiple ships taking port.

1674: The Blockhouse and City Gate

View of the Schoeinge or street piling on the East River shore near present Coenties Slip - the dock and river front to Wall Street

1680: Corner of Exchange Place & Broad Street

Colorized illustration of pedestrians in front of a Dutch-style house, constructed on the north east corner of Exchange Place & Broad Street.

1696: Captain Kidd In New York Harbor

Illustration of Captain Kidd, a famous Scottish pirate approaching New York's famous Harbor.

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